The cause of OSA in children is usually due to enlarged adenoid and tonsillar tissues. However, nasal obstruction due to enlarged turbinates and jaw deformity can also be major contributors to developing OSA. The primary treatment for OSA in children is adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy. Adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy is a very common operation.
(Here Adenoidectomy is performed under general anesthesia.8 year old Nikhil is being put to sleep for adenoid operation in Jubilee Hospital, Trivandrum, south India, by Dr.Thomas, the senior anesthetist. Nikhil suffers from obstructive sleep apnea due to a very large adenoid in the nasopharynx).