Having a cold or Flu?
The cold and flu are both respiratory illnesses, but they are caused by different types of viruses.
Flu symptoms usually come on quickly (within 3-6 hours) and consist of a fever, body aches, dry cough, and extreme tiredness. Cold symptoms are less severe and people experience a stuffy nose, productive cough, slight tiredness, and limited body aches.
Influenza A and B viruses are responsible for seasonal flu epidemics each year …
|Aches||Slight||Usual, often severe|
|Tiredness||Mild||Moderate to severe|
|Sudden Symptoms||Symptoms appear gradually||Symptoms can appear within 3-6 hours|
|Coughing||Hacking, productive cough||Dry, unproductive cough|
|Chest Discomfort||Mild to moderate||Often severe|
Avoid Getting a Cold and Flu
Wash your hands often. You can pick up cold germs easily, even when shakingÂ Â someone’s hand or touching doorknobs or handrails.
Avoid people with colds when possible.
Sneeze or cough into a tissue and then throw the tissue away.
Clean surfaces you touch with a germ-killing disinfectant.
Don’t touch your nose, eyes, or mouth. Germs can enter your body easily by these paths.
A flu shot can greatly lower your chance of getting the flu.
What to do then?
Drink plenty of fluids.
Get plenty of rest.
Use a humidifier — an electric device that puts water into the air.
Avoid alcohol and tobacco
Antibiotics rarely help
|If you want to:||Choose medicine with:|
|Unclog a stuffy nose||Nasal decongestant|
|Quiet a cough||Cough suppressant|
|Loosen mucus so that you can cough it up||Expectorant|
|Stop runny nose and sneezing||Antihistamine|
|Ease fever, headaches, minor aches and pains||Pain reliever (Analgesic)|