Nasal and sinus tumors are benign or cancerous tumors that occur in the nose or sinuses. Men are more likely to get sinus cancer than women. The most common age for diagnosis of the condition is fifties and sixties.
Smoking and tobacco smoke is a major risk factor for nose and sinus cancer, as well as other cancers of the respiratory track. Exposure to dusts from wood, leather or textiles, etc appear to increase the risk of such cancers.
Physical examination including Nasal endoscopy
MRI or CT imaging
Biopsy under Local anesthetic
Types of tumors
and Squamous cell carcinoma (most common; about 70 percent of such cancers) occurs in the respiratory tract
and Adenocarcinoma (about 10 to 20 percent) occurs in the sinus lining
and Lymphomas (about 5 percent of such cancers) are caused by cells in the immune or lymphatic system
and Viral infections can cause papillomas- Ringerts pappiloma
Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments for malignant tumors. Benign tumors are commonly treated with surgery.